Prevention And Management Of Burns In The Home

Prevention And Management Of Burns In The Home

Prevention And Management Of Burns In The HomePrevention And Management Of Burns In The Home

Burns are an extremely common occurrence in Australian homes, they can occur from many sources including BBQ’s, boiling water, touching other hot surfaces or mishandling chemicals. Small children and elderly people are often prone to burn injuries and require the most care. While burn injuries can be serious or even fatal at times, understanding how to prevent and manage burns in the home is the best way to minimise long term harm for you family.

Let’s have a look at some different types of burns and the best way to prevent and treat them:

Thermal Burns | Prevention And Management Of Burns In The Home

 

Affecting more than 2 million people annually, thermal burns are the most common burn injuries in the world. The main causes of thermal burns are exposure to heated objects such as:

  • boiling water
  • steam
  • hot cooking oil
  • fire
  • sun

Prevention And Management Of Burns In The HomePrevention Tips for Thermal Burns

  • try to wear gloves while cooking or handling heated objects
  • try to keep heated objects such as cooking utensils, irons, curling irons, tea kettles, etc away from the edges of countertops or tables
  • try to use back burners while cooking
  • teach your children never to touch hot surfaces

Management of Thermal Burns

  • cool the affected area with cold water, applied for 20 minutes consecutively, as soon as possible after the burn occurs.
  • avoid puncturing the blisters
  • use an antibiotic ointment to minimise chances of infection
  • seek medical care as soon as possible

 

Chemical Burns | Prevention And Management Of Burns In The Home

 

If your skin, eyes, or mouth come into contact with a highly alkaline or acidic liquid, it can result in chemical burns.  Drain cleaners, paint thinners, bleaches, and coolants are some of the common types of chemicals used in the home and office that can cause chemical burns.

Prevention Tips for Chemical Burns

  • keep all chemicals in locked cabinets or high shelves and away from food items
  • ensure there are no leakages and the lid is properly closed
  • label them as hazardous material

Management of Chemical Burns

  • rinse the affected area with cool water for at least 10-15 minutes
  • remove any contaminated clothing as soon as possible
  • apply a loose bandage to the affected area
  • seek medical care as soon as possible

 

Doctor SouthbankElectrical Burns | Prevention And Management Of Burns In The Home

 

Electrical burns are caused by an exposure to electrical current. Although they are not as common as thermal or chemical burns, electrical burns can be severe.

Prevention Tips for Electrical Burns

  • always use gloves while touching electric wires
  • always try to keep all the electrical appliances dry and away from water
  • use safety plugs in unused power outlets
  • keep all electrical appliances unplugged when not in use

Management of Electrical Burns

  • if the person is unconscious, call 000 and first aid knowledge
  • rinse the affected area with cool water for 10-15 minutes
  • seek medical care

Southgate Medical Centre
Southbank Doctors
Prevention And Management Of Burns In The Home