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Skin Cancer Moles | Mole Checks & Treatments

Moles, medically referred to as “melanocytic nevi” are pink, brown, or tan colored raised or flat skin lesions of cells that produce “melanin” – the pigment that gives human skin its color. Presence of moles on the skin is not unusual. On average, most people have 10-40 moles on different parts of their skin. They …

Prostate Cancer | What Tests are Available For Detection

Who Is More at Risk, Why Don’t We Have a Screening Program For All Men, How Is It Diagnosed, What Treatments are Available Prostate Cancer The prostate is a small walnut-shaped gland located under the bladder and surrounding the urethra. The gland is part of the male reproductive system and is mainly responsible for the …

Rosacea | What You Need To Know About

For most people, red flushed skin on the face is a common reaction to emotional feelings such as shyness, anger, embarrassment, or excitement. Yet, for others, it is a manifestation of an all-too-common, non-contagious inflammatory skin condition – Rosacea. Rosacea is quite a complex medical condition and is often confused with Acne, Eczema, or skin …

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

What Is It, Who Does It Affect, How Is It Diagnosed, How Is It Treated Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome – What Is It? Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the most common hormonal disorder among teen girls and young women. As the term “polycystic” meaning “many cysts” suggests, it is a complex condition in which the ovaries …

Menopause | What Are the Common Symptoms And Types of Treatment

Menopause – What Is It? Medically speaking, menopause means that a woman’s menstrual periods have paused/stopped for one year. For a woman, it means that she has had her last period and she is no longer fertile. Although it is a completely natural process, and definitely not any kind of disease or illness, it sometimes …

MEN’S HEALTH – WHICH MEN ARE AT HIGHER RISK

What Are The Common Causes Of Premature Death In Men; What Deaths Are More Likely In Men Than In Women; What Health Checks Should Men Have? Very few men can expect to have a life expectancy like Misao Okawa of Japan, who recently died at the age of 117, and women live an average of …

Hayfever and Allergies

What Causes Allergies, Allergy Testing, Medical Treatments, Non-Medical Treatment/Prevention, Desensitisation Treatments Hay fever, medically referred to as allergic rhinitis is a common allergic condition that refers to a group of allergic hypersensitivity reactions in the nasal mucosa and the conjunctiva of the eye. Contrary to what the name “hay fever” suggests, it is not caused …

TYPE 1 & 2 – WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE TWO

Diabetes – Can It Be Prevented? How Is Treated? Our bodies cells and organs need energy in order to perform various functions. Although many tissues use fat or proteins as a source of energy, some organs such as the brain and red blood cells rely on glucose for energy needs. A hormone called insulin, produced …

Common Eye Problems

Twitching Eyes or Blepharospasm; Eye ‘Floaters’; Myopia (shortsightedness); Astigmatism; Watery Eyes Your common eyesight is one of the most valuable assets as 80% of what we perceive come through our sense of sight. In fact, a greater part of the brain is dedicated to vision than to all the other four senses combined. Most of …

What Is Arthritis And What Are The Different Types Of Arthritis?

Put simply, the term refers to “joint inflammation”. It is typically referred to as a single disease, in reality, however, it is an umbrella term used to describe more than 200 medical conditions/diseases (rheumatic diseases) that affect the joints including bones, ligaments, muscles, and cartilage. Usually associated with older people, it can affect anyone from …

What Are Warts? | What Are The Different Types & How Are They Treated?

How Do I get them? These are a few common questions that most people feel embarrassed to ask. But despite their bad rep, they are incredibly common especially in school-aged children or those who are immunosuppressed. Also referred to as verrucae vulgaris or papillomas, are tiny, grainy skin growths (non-cancerous) that appear when the top …

What Is Anxiety? What Are The Different Types And How Can I Manage It?

Occasional anxiety (a feeling of nervousness, apprehension, fear, and worry) is an expected part of modern life. It is our body’s natural response to keep us safe from various stressful or unexpected situations/changes. For instance, speaking in public, going to a job interview or before taking a test may cause some people to feel nervous …

Why Do I Snore? How To Stop Snoring? Can Surgery Help?

The Sleep Health Foundation Australia estimates that nearly 30%-40% of people living in Australia snore at night. Snoring is more common in men than women and usually worsens with age and obesity. There are no major risks with occasional snoring, however if you are a habitual snorer, it could be a sign of a more …

What is Alzheimer’s disease? | Can It Be Prevented?

What is Alzheimer’s disease? Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is an irreversible, progressive neurodegenerative disease that slowly destroys brain cells and affects an individual’s memory, cognition, judgment, learning, and ability to perform daily activities. Alzheimer’s Facts Alzheimer’s disease has a major impact on the health and wellbeing of Australians. It is estimated that nearly 1 in 10 …

What Is Seasonal Affective Disorder? (SAD)
What Can You Do To Manage It

Changing weather can have a profound effect on our body and mind. We all feel happy and relaxed during spring and summer, while the cold, cloudy days and long, dreary nights of winter often make us feel depressed. If you are someone who is feeling gloomy because of the abnormal polar temperatures, you’re not alone, …

What Is Hypertension?
How Is It Diagnosed & How Can It Be Treated?

So what is hypertension? Our body requires a constant supply of fresh oxygenated blood to perform daily activities. The heart is in charge of supplying essential nutrients and oxygenated blood to different parts of the body through a complex network of blood vessels. As the blood passes through these blood vessels, it applies pressure to …

What is Coronary Heart Disease?
How to Keep My Heart Healthy

Despite significant advancements in the medicine for Australians in recent decades, heart diseases and diseases of the arteries, arterioles, and capillaries remain one of the leading causes of illness, disability, and premature death. Cardiovascular diseases such as coronary heart disease (CHD) or coronary artery disease (CAD) in particular affects one in six Australians and accounts …

What Is Cholesterol?
What Is good and bad cholesterol?

What is Cholesterol? Cholesterol is a fat-like waxy substance found naturally in each cell of our body, as well as in our blood. Most of the cholesterol found in our body is produced by the liver, while the remaining is provided through foods such as poultry, meat, and dairy. Cholesterol performs several vital functions in …

What Is Blood Pressure How is it measured? Why is it important?

What Is Blood Pressure? Every time our heart beats, it pumps blood carrying oxygen and essential nutrients to different parts/organs of the body. The blood reaches different organs/parts of the body through a complex network of arteries.  The pumping force that moves the blood through these arteries (our circulatory system) is termed as blood pressure. …

What Is Multiple Sclerosis?
How is it diagnosed, can it be treated?

What Is Multiple Sclerosis? – Overview Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is the most common chronic, neurodegenerative disorder of the central nervous system (CNS) among young Australians. According to the latest survey reports, one in 3000 young Australians are affected by this neurodegenerative disorder. Although it is not a contagious disease, it is progressive and unpredictable. No …

KIDNEY STONES
What are they, how do they form, how are they treated?

The basic function of the kidneys is to regulate levels of fluids, salts, minerals, and other substances. They help regulate electrolyte levels that are important for the body to function and remove waste and excess fluids from the body in the form of urine. Sometimes the salts, minerals or other chemicals found in the blood …

GOUT
What is it, what causes it, can diet help prevent gout?

Gout – An Overview Gout is a form of complex inflammatory arthritis characterised by sudden, severe attack of pain, redness, swelling, and stiffness in joints. Gout often affects the joint at the base of the big toe, however, other joints in arms (fingers, elbows, wrists) and legs (knees, toes, ankles) can also get affected.   …

Acne, What causes it and how is it treated? | Manage My Acne Better

What can I do to manage my acne better? All of us experience occasional spots and pimples at some stage in our lifetime, especially during puberty, but some people experience intense pain and suffering through acne outbreaks. It is one of the most common skin conditions and occurs when the hair follicle and its associated …

Skin Cancer Prevention and Screening

Skin cancer refers to the rampant growth of abnormal cells in the skin. It is probably the most common and most recognisable of all cancers and affects more people worldwide than all other types of cancer combined. According to the latest survey, the beach-loving people of Australia are 13 times more likely to develop melanoma …

How To Manage Jet Lag | Southbank Medical Centre

What is Jet Lag? |  How To Manage Jet Lag Jet Lag also known as “desynchronosis” or “time-zone change syndrome” is a temporary sleep disorder associated with traveling across two or more time zones. Jet lag is common among frequent fliers and international travelers. Although it is not a serious condition, if ignored it can …

How To Prevent Osteoporosis | Southbank Medical Centre

Osteoporosis (porous bones) is one of the most common diseases of the bone and is characterised by deterioration of bone tissue and low bone mass. As a result of this disease, the bones become thinner, more brittle and likely to break in case of a fall or high pressure. It is estimated that more than …

How To Manage Insomnia | Southgate Medical Centre

What is Insomnia? | How To Manage Insomnia Insomnia or sleeplessness is the most common sleep disorder in the world. People suffering from this disorder either experience difficulty falling asleep, or maintaining a good night sleep, or both. Depending on how often it occurs and how long it lasts, insomnia can be acute (short-term) or chronic …

Constipation In Children | Prevention And Treatment

Childhood constipation is a common problem and affects more than 10% of children living in Australia. Children with constipation may pass fewer than 3 stools in a week, experience irregular bowel movement, and/or the stool is dry, hard, and painful/difficult to pass. Although childhood or toddler constipation is not generally a cause of concern, learning …

Thunderstorm Asthma | Southbank Medical Centre

Thunderstorm asthma is an extremely rare but potentially dangerous phenomenon that is triggered by a combination of warm weather, high grass pollen levels, and stormy conditions resulting in a large portion of the population developing severe asthma and hay fever symptoms over a short period of time. People who are allergic to pollens and dust …

Prevention And Management Of Burns In The Home

Prevention And Management Of Burns In The Home Burns are an extremely common occurrence in Australian homes, they can occur from many sources including BBQ’s, boiling water, touching other hot surfaces or mishandling chemicals. Small children and elderly people are often prone to burn injuries and require the most care. While burn injuries can be …

PMS Treatment Options | What is Premenstrual Syndrome?

What is Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS?) | PMS Treatment Options Pre-menstrual Syndrome (PMS) previously referred to as Pre-menstrual Tension (PMT) as the name indicates is a set of physical, mental, and emotional symptoms usually experienced by a woman about a week or two before her menstrual periods. It is a very common condition and affects up to …

Augmented Reality In Healthcare

Augmented Reality (AR) sounds like something straight out of a science fiction movie, but it’s not as far fetched as you might think. This new wave of AR technology is set to transform the healthcare system, helping doctors to better diagnose patients and improve health related outcomes. Augmented Reality and The Future of Healthcare Augmented …

Flying Through Airport Security When Travelling With Medication

Flying Through Airport Security When Travelling With Medication If you’re planning an airplane trip and are concerned about the effect of restrictions on carry-on items, rest assured that you’ll be able to bring what you need with you on the plane. Consult with Southgate Medical Centre to sort out your individual travel needs when travelling with …

Telehealth: Making healthcare more accessible, faster, better and cheaper

Telehealth: Making healthcare more accessible, faster, better and cheaper Rapid advances in information technology and increasing internet speeds have combined to act as a catalyst for the adoption of a range of digital based healthcare services in Australia and around the world. This new, alternate method of delivery has been called ‘telehealth’ and it is …

Travel Medication: Packing the essentials

Travel Medication: Packing the essentials For some, packing a suitcase before going travelling can be a difficult task whether you’ve packed too much and struggling to fit it all in your suitcase, or plain and simple you just don’t know what to pack in the first place. While personal belongings are obviously important, packing a …

Thunderstorm Asthma

Thunderstorm Asthma On the 21 November 2016, there was a freak asthma thunderstorm in Melbourne that resulted in more than 8500 people seeking medical treatment by Melbourne doctors in emergency departments and sadly, 9 people died. This was a tragic and unforeseen event that caused many people, including those who had no history of asthma …

The Future Of Healthcare: Cancer And The Impact Of Personalised Medicine In Australia

The future of the healthcare system is ever evolving as consumer demands shifts and the advancement of technology rises. More so there has been an increasing focus on personalised medicine in Australia in order to better predict risk for disease or patient responses to treatments. Personalised medicine takes into account genetics, genomics and any other …

Malaria Medication: Information And Tips For Travel

Travelling overseas can be an exciting and rewarding experience, giving you the chance to make memories that will last a lifetime. However, without proper planning, even the best-laid plans can go terribly wrong. Travelling to an exotic location? Make sure you are aware of your malaria risk by following these simple steps and know the …

Motion Sickness Medication: How To Treat Travel Sickness

Motion sickness (aka travel sickness or kinetosis) occurs when there is confusion between the movements that you perceive with your eyes and the movement sensed by your vestibular system. It is a common sickness and it can occur whilst on the road, up in the air or out at sea. The most likely symptoms are …

The Future of Healthcare: Implications of Integrating A Cloud Computing Service

Cloud computing systems have been integrated within various industries across the globe with astounding success stories. While the impact of sensitive issues like security breaches and privacy issues are still being debated, the pros of implementing a cloud computing system in the healthcare sector are tremendous.   So what exactly is all the fuss about? …

Recommended Vaccinations For Overseas Travel

The adage “prevention is better than cure” is especially relevant before embarking on any kind of travel overseas. Travel to overseas countries may expose individuals to certain infectious diseases that are not prevalent within Australia and may prove to be extremely fatal. This makes it critical to immunise yourself against potential hazards by getting the …

General Advice When Travelling With Medication

Travelling overseas for a vacation is among the most exciting situations for most people. However, not enough thought is given to making preventive health-related arrangements prior to embarking on a trip.  Travelling with medication overseas involves careful planning ahead of time to avoid any kind of hassles or stress that may arise with customs officials. …

Women’s Health & awareness of heart disease

Heart disease is the No.1 cause of death of women in Australia, with 24 women succumbing to this silent killer every day.   According to the Heart Foundation, heart disease is three times more likely to cause death in Australian women than breast cancer. However, less than 40% of women are aware that it’s the …

Cold & Flu -Symptoms & Treatment

Winter is fast approaching and with this cold season also comes the season for colds and flus. Many people confuse the two terms as being the same but catching the flu is much more severe than the cold. Cold and flu are both viral respiratory illnesses. The common cold can be caused by any one …

Mums exercise for Women’s Health

Struggling to find time to exercise as a busy mum? You’re not alone – it’s easy to forget healthy lifestyle habits when you have other people to care for. Unfortunately, this often results in a disregard towards women’s health, with decreased energy levels and a lack of motivation in preparing healthy meals and being physically …

Six Steps to Reduce your Cancer Risk

  In 2016 it was estimated that more than 130,000 Australians were diagnosed with cancer. It’s the leading cause of death, accounting for around 3 in 10 deaths in Australia. The good news is that at least one in three cases of cancer are preventable and many cancer deaths could be prevented with the right …

Taking Medications Correctly

  Around 50% of people, on average, don’t take their medications correctly. This can increase the risk of illness or harm to your health. Fortunately there are ways that may help you stay on track.   Medication non-adherence Occasionally missing a pill won’t cause harm for the vast majority of people if you follow the …

Mythbusting: Dairy Foods & Calcium

  Myth:  Dairy foods are the only way to get calcium in my diet: What the research says:  While dairy products are a good source of calcium, they are not the only ones. Calcium is also found in canned fish with bones (such as salmon and sardines), hard tofu, almonds, dried figs, unhulled tahini (sesame …

Good Sleep

  While it’s easy to skimp on sleep when there are other competing priorities, getting enough sleep is more important than you might think.   It’s now recognized that good sleep is a significant contributor to our health and wellbeing. Poor sleep not only impacts on our mood, concentration and energy levels, but can increase …

Mythbusting: Nuts, Weight & Health

  Let’s see what the research says regarding some common myths about nuts….   Myth: Eating nuts will increase my cholesterol levels. What the research says: Nuts are high in fat, but they are cholesterol-free (as cholesterol is only found in animal products) and contain mostly ‘healthy’ unsaturated fats, which can actually help cholesterol levels. …

THE DANGERS OF SITTING

Could too much time in the chair send you to an early grave? According to an increasing body of research, the answer is unfortunately yes. On average, adults sit for about 9 hours each day, and much of this time is continuous sitting. This lack of movement can lead to unhealthy levels of blood glucose, …

Pump down the Pressure

  Each time your heart pumps out blood, it creates a force that pushes against the walls of your arteries (blood vessels). Like your hand pushing down on your thigh, this force is called pressure. When blood pressure is high, it increases the risk of damage to your arteries, in particular, thickening or weakening the …

Christmas Cheer – Don’t Overindulge!

  The end of the year is a time when many people overindulge when it comes to alcohol. While a glass or two is fine for most people, having a few too many isn’t good for our health or waistlines. In the short term, excess alcohol can cause headaches, nausea and dehydration and can increase …

Erectile Dysfunction Explained

If you suffer from erectile dysfunction, or impotence, you’re not alone. In Australia, about 1 in 5 men over the age of 40 report that they are unable to get or keep an erection that is sufficient for sexual intercourse. And the chance of having problems with erections increases with age. Erectile dysfunction is not …

HOW TO HANDLE HAYFEVER

  While many people welcome the start of Spring, if you’re the 1 in 5 Australians who suffer from Hayfever, this may be your least favourite time of the year. Hayfever is the name commonly used to describe the condition allergic rhinitis, an allergy affecting the nose and/or eyes. It is caused by contact with …

Children and peanut allergy

A peanut allergy is when your child’s immune system reacts to a normally harmless protein in peanuts. Allergic reactions can be mild such as skin welts, tingling mouth and stomach symptoms. However, some can be life-threatening (anaphylaxis). 1, 2 Peanut allergy has increased in children during the past few decades. The current rate is 3% …

Truth behind children and lies

It can be upsetting if your child tells a lie. However, the reality is that lying is common for children. And it’s not because they’re bad – children lie for understandable, developmental reasons. 1, 2 For instance, under 3-year olds simply aren’t old enough to know the difference between truth and untruth. When 3-4 year …

Change coming for cervical screening

In 2017 pap smears for screening and prevention of cancer of the cervix will come to an end. They’ll be replaced with HPV tests, 1, 2 which are considered more effective. 3 You may have mixed feelings about pap smears 1 since screening every two years began for 18-70 year olds in 1991. Pap smears …

Best exercise for weight loss

Best exercise for weight loss It’s essential to combine exercise with a healthy diet if you want to lose weight. But what type of exercise is best? Aerobic and Resistance training For many people exercise means activities such as walking, jogging, cycling or swimming.  However, these activities in fact mainly involve a type of exercise …

Strong advice on bone health

Osteoporosis is a bone-weakening disease that affects 1.2 million Australians in their older age. However building healthy bones requires attention throughout our whole lives, beginning in childhood. What is osteoporosis? Your bones are made up of calcium, other minerals and collagen (protein). They are a living, constantly changing tissue, with certain bone cells creating new …

Be Informed About Fertility

If you’re planning to only have children when you’re older, knowing how your age may affect your fertility can help you make better informed decisions. Women The quality of each woman’s eggs decreases with age. So after a peak age for ability to conceive (make a baby) in your early 20s, then comes a slow …

The Cost of Alcohol to Health

Alcohol is the most widely used social drug in Australia. While most people don’t drink to excess, unfortunately two out of five Australians binge drink, with surveys showing this number may be increasing, and one in five of us drink at levels that cause long term health problems. As a result, thousands of Australians die …

Touch and massage as therapy

Touch and massage are much more than just a feel-good way to be nice to people and pamper yourself. There is a body of research that shows they can achieve personal and health benefits. Touch can be provided in different ways, such as a hand placed on the shoulder, reassuring pat on the back or …

Put PMS behind you

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is defined as symptoms that appear in the days leading up to the menstrual period (bleeding). With nine out of ten women experiencing symptoms, many accept PMS as a normal part of being female. This is unfortunate, because lifestyle changes and treatments are available that can help you reduce or manage your …

Cholesterol and Fat – The good and bad

  Cholesterol and fat are both essential for good health. However, if the balance of specific types of cholesterol and fat isn’t right, they can also lead to illness and disease. Bad cholesterol Your body naturally produces cholesterol, particularly in the liver. The body then uses the cholesterol to: 1) build the outer walls of …

Mercury in fish – keep to the limits

While seafood is a great source of protein and omega-3 fatty acids, it does also contain mercury – and too much mercury can damage the body’s nerves and immune system. This is a particular concern for the baby during pregnancy, infants and children up to the age of six. Mercury is found naturally in the …

Sleep Myths | Let’s put to rest some common myths about sleep

Let’s put to rest some common myths about sleep. Myth (1) – Your brain is inactive during sleep. In fact, your brain is very busy. Among its activities is sorting and processing information on what happens each day, then consolidating it into your long term memory. This is essential for learning and memory. Myth (2) …