Category: General Practice

Southbank Medical Centre

Constipation In Children | Prevention And Treatment

Constipation In Children

Constipation In ChildrenChildhood constipation is a common problem and affects more than 10% of children living in Australia. Children with constipation may pass fewer than 3 stools in a week, experience irregular bowel movement, and/or the stool is dry, hard, and painful/difficult to pass. Although childhood or toddler constipation is not generally a cause of concern, learning some simple tips can help to keep your kid’s bowels regular and working properly.

Childhood Constipation VS Adult Constipation | Constipation In Children

In adult constipation, the underlying causes may range from poor diet to a chronic medical disorder, whereas childhood constipation is usually caused by behavioral issues such as holding the stool for longer periods, fear of pain, and bad bowel habits. It is therefore imperative to understand the individuals issue to find the best cure for this disorder.

Prevention of Constipation in Children

Childhood constipation should not be ignored as it can lead to a worsening of symptoms and complaints. Instead of giving OTC drugs to your children for the treatment of their constipation issues, you should first make some minor lifestyle and diet changes to prevent it from happening in the first place. Here are some things you can do to prevent childhood constipation and ensure it doesn’t become a continuous problem for your child:

  • increase the amount of fluid intake
  • increase the intake of fibrous foods such as whole-grain bread, fruits, and vegetables
  • promote physical activity
  • develop a regular meal schedule
  • develop a regular bowel schedule

southbank medical centreTreatment of Childhood Constipation | Constipation In Children

Depending on the underlying causes and the severity of the symptoms, the treatment of childhood constipation may vary from person to person. Treatment of constipation in children may include many different options but must suit the individual. If you are having trouble with childhood constipation in your family book in for a consultation and we can have a detailed look at your child’s issue and come up with a suitable treatment plan.

Southbank Medical Centre
Constipation In Children

03 9690 1433

Thunderstorm Asthma | Southbank Medical Centre

thunderstorm asthma

thunderstorm asthmaThunderstorm asthma is an extremely rare but potentially dangerous phenomenon that is triggered by a combination of warm weather, high grass pollen levels, and stormy conditions resulting in a large portion of the population developing severe asthma and hay fever symptoms over a short period of time. People who are allergic to pollens and dust are particularly prone to the effects of thunderstorm asthma. For these people, it is extremely important to understand how to prevent and manage it effectively.

What Causes Thunderstorm Asthma?

According to weather and health experts, thunderstorm asthma is not necessarily linked with stormy weather and a high grass pollen count. In reality, it is a very complex phenomenon involving a number of complex weather factors such as:

  • changes in temperature and humidity
  • high grass pollen count on that day
  • wind patterns
  • percentage of other allergens in the air
  • type and intensity of grass pollen

The good news is that thunderstorm asthma doesn’t occur very often,, therefore by knowing more about it and how to manage it you can better prepare yourself to deal with it when the time comes.

Who Is At Risk?

Here is a list of those who are at increased risk of being affected by thunderstorm asthma:

  • people with diagnosed asthma
  • people with seasonal hay fever
  • people who are allergic to ryegrass pollen

What Are The Symptoms?

Thunderstorm asthma usually comes with the following symptoms:

  • persistent coughing
  • shortness of breath
  • wheezing
  • tightness in the chest
  • sneezing
  • itchy, watery eyes

southbank medical centreEffective Management 

The best way to deal with thunderstorm asthma is to prevent it from occurring in the first place. Therefore, good asthma control is the key to effective management of thunderstorm asthma. Here is what you can do to keep yourself and your family safe:


  • keep yourself abreast with the latest local information on how to manage it
  • if you are diagnosed with asthma, make sure to check in with you GP before spring and early summer to update your treatment plan
  • keep track of weather conditions, especially pollen counts and humidity during spring and summer season
  • avoid going outside during the windy weather conditions


If you need to update your asthma treatment plan call us on the number below or BOOK ONLINE

Southgate Medical Centre
Doctor Southbank
03 9690 1433

Prevention And Management Of Burns In The Home

Prevention And Management Of Burns In The Home

Prevention And Management Of Burns In The HomePrevention And Management Of Burns In The Home

Burns are an extremely common occurrence in Australian homes, they can occur from many sources including BBQ’s, boiling water, touching other hot surfaces or mishandling chemicals. Small children and elderly people are often prone to burn injuries and require the most care. While burn injuries can be serious or even fatal at times, understanding how to prevent and manage burns in the home is the best way to minimise long term harm for you family.

Let’s have a look at some different types of burns and the best way to prevent and treat them:

Thermal Burns | Prevention And Management Of Burns In The Home


Affecting more than 2 million people annually, thermal burns are the most common burn injuries in the world. The main causes of thermal burns are exposure to heated objects such as:

  • boiling water
  • steam
  • hot cooking oil
  • fire
  • sun

Prevention And Management Of Burns In The HomePrevention Tips for Thermal Burns

  • try to wear gloves while cooking or handling heated objects
  • try to keep heated objects such as cooking utensils, irons, curling irons, tea kettles, etc away from the edges of countertops or tables
  • try to use back burners while cooking
  • teach your children never to touch hot surfaces

Management of Thermal Burns

  • cool the affected area with cold water, applied for 20 minutes consecutively, as soon as possible after the burn occurs.
  • avoid puncturing the blisters
  • use an antibiotic ointment to minimise chances of infection
  • seek medical care as soon as possible


Chemical Burns | Prevention And Management Of Burns In The Home


If your skin, eyes, or mouth come into contact with a highly alkaline or acidic liquid, it can result in chemical burns.  Drain cleaners, paint thinners, bleaches, and coolants are some of the common types of chemicals used in the home and office that can cause chemical burns.

Prevention Tips for Chemical Burns

  • keep all chemicals in locked cabinets or high shelves and away from food items
  • ensure there are no leakages and the lid is properly closed
  • label them as hazardous material

Management of Chemical Burns

  • rinse the affected area with cool water for at least 10-15 minutes
  • remove any contaminated clothing as soon as possible
  • apply a loose bandage to the affected area
  • seek medical care as soon as possible


Doctor SouthbankElectrical Burns | Prevention And Management Of Burns In The Home


Electrical burns are caused by an exposure to electrical current. Although they are not as common as thermal or chemical burns, electrical burns can be severe.

Prevention Tips for Electrical Burns

  • always use gloves while touching electric wires
  • always try to keep all the electrical appliances dry and away from water
  • use safety plugs in unused power outlets
  • keep all electrical appliances unplugged when not in use

Management of Electrical Burns

  • if the person is unconscious, call 000 and first aid knowledge
  • rinse the affected area with cool water for 10-15 minutes
  • seek medical care

Southgate Medical Centre
Southbank Doctors
Prevention And Management Of Burns In The Home

PMS Treatment Options | What is Premenstrual Syndrome?

PMS Treatment Options

PMS Treatment OptionsWhat is Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS?) | PMS Treatment Options

Pre-menstrual Syndrome (PMS) previously referred to as Pre-menstrual Tension (PMT) as the name indicates is a set of physical, mental, and emotional symptoms usually experienced by a woman about a week or two before her menstrual periods. It is a very common condition and affects up to 80% of menstruating women. Although there is no simple treatment for PMS, there are ways you can reduce the number and severity of symptoms associated with this condition. Before we explore some of the premenstrual syndrome treatment options it’s important to look at some of the symptoms and factors that influence PMS.

Premenstrual syndrome – Symptoms | PMS Treatment

PMS Treatment Options


  • painful cramping
  • anxiety
  • insomnia
  • binge eating
  • bloating
  • constipation or diarrhea
  • acne
  • breast swelling & tenderness
  • mood swings, depression, irritability, crying spells

Premenstrual syndrome – Contributing Factors | PMS Treatment Options

Since PMS is associated with a wide range of symptoms, it becomes extremely difficult to make a firm diagnosis. A number of studies have been conducted to explain the cause of PMS, but till to date; none of them have been proven. The majority of research studies suggest that PMS results from an interaction between the changing hormone levels and the brain neurotransmitter serotonin.

Premenstrual syndrome – PMS Treatment Options

Over the past two decades, a number of approaches for treating symptoms related to PMS have emerged; some are backed up with clinical studies while others take traditional or native approaches into account and rely on anecdotal evidence.

Common treatment options for relieving PMS symptoms range from using pharmaceutical medications to using some old tried and tested natural home remedies

Depending on the number and severity of the symptoms, you may need to use any one or a combination of different treatment options to alleviate the pain and symptoms associated with PMS.

Doctor SouthbankPMS Treatment Options

  • Antidepressants
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
  • Diuretics
  • Lifestyle Changes
  • Dietary modification
  • Supplements
  • Hormonal contraceptives

Southgate Medical Centre
Medical Centre Southbank
PMS Treatment Options

Cold & Flu -Symptoms & Treatment

cold & flu

Winter is fast approaching and with this cold season also comes the season for colds and flus. Many people confuse the two terms as being the same but catching the flu is much more severe than the cold.

cold & flu

Cold and flu are both viral respiratory illnesses. The common cold can be caused by any one of the 200 different viruses whereas the flu is caused by one of the 3 different influenza viruses – A, B or C. The flu, otherwise known as influenza, is often confused with the common cold because they share similar symptoms such as a sore throat, runny nose and cough. However flu symptoms also include fever, headaches, severe muscle aches, cold sweats and even nausea and vomiting (read more: WedMD).


Cold symptoms usually last for a few days to a week. It is a virus infection so your body’s immune system can fight off the virus. However if it persists for more than a week you may have a bacterial infection, which means you need to take antibiotics. It is considered a mild illness so you are able to keep going with your daily routine. Flu symptoms typically last for a week but can make you feel run-down for up to two or three weeks.


Recovery Care

Colds and flus are highly infectious diseases which can spread easily from person to person. Once infected, you yourself become contagious and can spread the viruses. Both cold and flu spreads through sneezes or coughs that sends droplets containing the viruses flying through the air. Or these droplets can land on a surface such as a doorknob or countertop and contaminate it.


According to Healthline, the best remedy for both colds and flus are to drink plenty of fluids and get plenty of rest. It is advised to stay at home to avoid passing on your infection. As colds and flus are more prevalent during the colder seasons, more precaution must be taken in order to prevent spreading the dreadful disease. Staying home and resting also better allows your body to fight the infection and recover.


For more information and how to prevent this disease: See your GP, or book an appointment with one of our doctors at Southgate Medical Centre.

Sleep Myths | Let’s put to rest some common myths about sleep

What Is Anxiety

Sleep MythsLet’s put to rest some common myths about sleep.

Myth (1) – Your brain is inactive during sleep.

In fact, your brain is very busy. Among its activities is sorting and processing information on what happens each day, then consolidating it into your long term memory. This is essential for learning and memory.

Myth (2) – Sleeping in this weekend can prevent sleep loss effects next week.

Extra sleep helps catch up on lost sleep. But you can’t bank sleep in advance. Sleep loss will always be felt when it happens. To be at your best during the week, you need to keep having a restful night’s sleep.

Myth (3) – A restful night’s sleep requires sleep without waking up.

No, normal sleep is a cycle of deep sleep, light sleep and brief awakenings, repeated several times in the night. What counts is how quickly you go back to sleep after waking up. If you think waking up during the night is abnormal, you might get anxious about it and find it hard to fall back to sleep. Try to relax if you wake up and let sleepiness take over.

Myth (4) – Children who don’t sleep enough are sleepy during the day.

Lack of sleep may not cause a child to feel tired, but can cause other problems such as poor concentration, moodiness and behaving badly. This is a concern, because you might not realise that these problems are due to not sleeping enough.

how to manage insomniaMyth (5) – You need less sleep as you get older.

Certainly children need less sleep as they grow up. But once you’re a young adult, the amount of sleep you need will stay the same for the rest of your life.

For more information, talk to our doctors or visit,au

Sourced from:

This post is part of the Southgate Medical Centre healthy lifestyles initiative for the Southbank community.

Doctor Melbourne